Curriculum

 Organization of subjects in the Bhaktivedanta Academy:

(Quotes from the introduction of Isopanisad on the authority of the Veda, and a quote establishing the 14 books)  

 

 

 

 

 

The 14 books of Vedic Knowledge:

1. Veda

1.1. Rig Veda (1)

1.2. Yajur Veda (2)

1.3. Sama Veda (3)

1.4. Atharva Veda (4)

2. Vedanga

2.1. Siksa; phonetics (5)

2.2. Chanda; prosody/ meter (6)

2.3. Vyakarna; grammar (7)

2.4. Nirukta; vocabulary (8)

2.5. Kalpa; ritual (9)

2.6. Jyotisa; math & astronomy (10)

3. Upangas

3.1. Vedanta/Mimamsa; philosophy (11)

3.2. Purana; history (12)

3.2.1. Itihasa; biographies

3.2.2. Upaveda; social sciences

  • 3.2.2.1. Ghandharva Veda; the performing arts
  • 3.2.2.2. Sthàpana Veda; architecture & sculpturing
  • 3.2.2.3. Ayur Veda; medicine
  • 3.2.2.4. Dhanur Veda; martial sciences

3.3. Dharma Sastra; civics (13)

3.3.1. Artha Sastra; politics

3.3.2. Niti Sastra; morality

3.4. Nyaya; logic (14)

 

Simplified Presentation of the 14 Books:

1. Veda

1.1. Mantra

1.1.1. Rig (1) Yajur (2) Sama (3) Atharva (4)

2. Vedangas

2.1. Sanskrit

2.1.1. Siksa (5) Chanda (6)Vyakarna (7)Nirukta (8)

2.2. Kalpa (9)

2.3. Jyotisa (10)

3. Upangas

3.1. Vedanta/Mimamsa (11)

3.2. Purana (12)

 

3.2.1. Itihasa

 

3.2.2. Upaveda

  • 3.2.2.1. Ghandharva Veda
  • 3.2.2.2. Sthàpana Veda
  • 3.2.2.3. Ayur Veda
  • 3.2.2.4. Dhanur Veda

3.3. Dharma Sastra (13)

3.3.1. Artha Sastra

3.3.2. Niti Sastra

3.4. Nyaya (14)

 

The 14 Books analyzed according to transcendental, Vedic and contemporary knowledge: 

[Vedanta is classified as transcendental knowledge, while the other 13 books are regarded as material. The Bhagavata and Pancharata are regarded as the conclusion of Vedanta, according to Gaudiya Vaisnava tradition.] 

 

Para-vidyà: Transcendental knowledge (Bhàgavata & Pàñcaràtrika), 

Apara-vidyà: Vedic material knowledge, 

Àdhunikà-vidyà: Contemporary knowledge (analyzed in terms of para- and apara-vidyàs)

 

The presentation of the 14 books as applied in the Bhaktivedanta Academy:

1. Bhàgavata-vidhi: Philosophy

2. Pàñcaràtrika-vidhi: Deity Worship

3. Vaidika-vidhi: Vedic Studies

3.1. Anviksiki: The Process of Inquiry; metaphysics, logic, critical thinking & rhetoric 

3.2. Mantra: Verses for Preaching & Deity Worship

3.3. Sanskrit: Grammar & Vocabulary

3.4. Kalpa: Samskàras; Rites of Passage

3.5. Jyotisa: Vedic Mathematics, Cosmology, Astronomy & Astrology

3.6. Puràna: Social Sciences 

3.6.1. History, Geography & Natural Sciences

3.6.2. Social Sciences: Civics, Medicine, The Performing Arts, Architecture &   Sculpturing, The Martial Sciences 

3.6.3. Communication Skills: Language Arts & Public Speaking

3.6.4. The 64 Arts

 

Purposes of the various subjects:

 

1. Bhàgavata-vidhi: Philosophy; through Srila Prabhupada’s teachings, study the Vaisnava and Vedic literatures, to enhance one’s appreciation and practice, of the message of Srimad Bhàgavatam.

2. Pàñcaràtrika-vidhi: Deity Worship; brings us to the point of self-surrender, by giving directions which engage our body, mind and words in the Lords service. Thus, elevating us gradually to the Bhagavata platform.   

3. Vaidika-vidhi: Vedic Studies; consists of branches of material knowledge given to us by the Lord, for the purpose of engaging all of our material necessities in the Lords service. This process of Naiskarmya (acting without attachment to the result), assists the Pancharatrika and Bhagavata Vidhis.

3.1. Anviksiki: The Process Of Inquiry (metaphysics, logic, critical thinking & rhetoric); creates within the individual, a practical and logical method, for analyzing and presenting subject matter (law of interpretation). 

3.2. Mantra: memorization of important verses for use in preaching, deity worship & sàmskaras

3.3. Sanskrit: Grammar & Vocabulary; to facilitate a deeper understanding of the scriptures

3.4. Kalpa: Samskàras; Rites of Passage; create favorable impressions on the mind of the individual, inspiring progress in spiritual practice and values.

3.5. Jyotsìa: Vedic Mathematics, Cosmology, Astronomy & Astrology; to develop the ability for calculating muhurta and other practical mathematical equations.

3.6. Puràna: Social Sciences; to gain a deeper understanding, of the practical application of philosophy, religion and culture, in our daily life. 

3.6.1. History, Geography and Natural Sciences:

3.6.1.1. History; illustrates by practical example how great personalities have achieved success in spiritual life by practicing the vedic culture and philosophy.

3.6.1.2. Geography; explains the structure of the universe. This enables one to understand the psychology of various situations of conditioned life. It also provides an orientation as to where the pastime descriptions take place.

3.6.1.3. Natural Sciences; explain the elements of universal creation and the process by which the living entities become covered by material nature and liberated from material nature. In other words, the mechanical progression of consciousness of the living entities through the various stations of universal creation.

3.6.2. Social Sciences: Social Sciences delineate the tools by which we establish the form of proper social interaction most easily engaged in the service of the Lord for the refinement and upliftment for human society.

3.6.2.1.1. Civics: Dharma Sastra; explains the nature of the individual within god’s creation so that proper behavior can be established between one’s self and all the other living entities within one’s society, the world at large and the universe.

3.6.2.1.2. Upa-purana/ Upa-veda:

  • 3.6.2.1.2.1. Gandharva Veda; establishes the proper form of performing arts by taking into consideration the psychological behavior and interaction of all human species of the creation. This is done for the purpose of bringing us closer to the Lord through presentations most pleasing to Him. 
  • 3.6.2.1.2.2. Stapana Veda; Silpa sastra delineates the proper form and methods for making deitys and temple deisgn; and establishes architectural and engineering principles ideal for residential and city planning that are in tune with the universal cosmic influences for the prosperity of human society..
  • 3.6.2.1.2.3. Ayur Veda; is meant to bring about the proper understanding and methods by which one can create a healthy balance within one’s own self and one’s surroundings. This will enable one to steadily engage one’s self in the service of the Lord. Ayur Veda explains the connection and balance between the universal form and the individual form. Real health can only be established through the respect and worship of the Lord and his devotees. Disease is the concomitant neglect of such respect and worship. (nama, seva and vaiënava aparàdha )   
  • 3.6.2.1.2.4. Dhanura Veda; is for the proper administration of the rod of chastisement, for the purpose of maintaining social order according to the rules of social standards, delineated by the Lord so that the populous in general and devotees in particular will be encouraged in the performance of religious, social and spiritual duties.

3.6.3. Communication Skills; provide the individual with the ability to understand and convey information through the written and spoken words, for social and spiritual interaction.

3.6.4. The 64 Arts; are expressions of various devotional moods thus enhancing vaisnava etiquette and developing refinement in social interactions.

 

 

Curriculum of Sri Yajña-varàha Vidyàksetra:

1. Bhàgavata-vidhi: Philosophy

1.1. Sabda Pramana: The exposition and authority of the vedic literature

1.2. Tattva: The Bhagavata philosophy

1.2.1. Vastu-traya: sambandha, abhidheya & prayojana

1.2.2. Dasamula: 

1.2.3. Overview of the six systems (Sad-darsanas)

  • 1.2.3.1. Theistic versions as in Srimad Bhàgavatam
  • 1.2.3.2. Atheistic versions
    • 1.2.3.2.1. World religions & philosophy

1.2.4. Tarka-vidyà: study of the Bhagavata philosophy, according to traditional systems of Vedic methods of analyzation; anváksiki (see 3.1)

1.3. Bhakti: The Devotional Process

 

2. Pàñcaràtrika-vidhi: The Process of Deity Worship

2.1. Tattva: Philosophy and Concepts

2.1.1. Overview and essentials of Nàrada-pañcaràtra

  • 2.1.1.1. Jñàna: Philosophy: Expansions of the Supreme Lord, Universal Order, Energies of the Lord
  • 2.1.1.2. Caryà: Behavior
  • 2.1.1.3. Kriyà: Rituals
  • 2.1.1.4. Kàla: Proper/ auspicious timings

2.1.2. Process of devotional service from Uddhava-gátà (11th Canto)

2.1.3. Sixty-four items of Deity worship from Lord Caitanya’s teachings to Sanàtana Gosvàmá in Madhya-lilà

2.1.4. Pañcaràtra-pradipa (selections)

2.1.5. Selections from Brahma-samhità on pañcopàsanà

2.2. Prayoga: Application

2.2.1. Nitya-sevà: daily worship

  • 2.2.1.1. Pañcaràtra-pradápa (selections)
  • 2.2.1.2. Sàmànya-paddhatis of Râpa Goswami and Bhaktivinoda
  • 2.2.1.3. Study of theory and concepts of cooking for Deities

2.2.2. Naimittika-sevà: festivals

  • 2.2.2.1. Pratisthà-vidhi: Vàstu-pujà, Deity installation
  • 2.2.2.2. Janma-tithi-vidhi: Abhiseka and festive observances

 

3. Vaidika-vidhi: Vedic Studies

3.1. Anváksiki: The Process Of Inquiry; metaphysics, logic, critical thinking & rhetoric

3.1.1. Àtma-vidyà: Mimàmsà; metaphysics 

  • 3.1.1.1. Tàtparya-lingas
  • 3.1.1.2. Pañcànga-nyàya
  • 3.1.1.3. Educational psychology
    • 3.1.1.3.1. Meaning & nature of intelligence etc
    • 3.1.1.3.2. Pañca-kosa: the 5 levels of consciousness & perception
    • 3.1.1.3.3. Stages of learning
    • 3.1.1.3.4. Personality types
    • 3.1.1.3.5. Types of students

3.1.2. Tarka-vidyà: Nyàya; logic, critical thinking & rhetoric

  • 3.1.2.1. Nyàya
    • 3.1.2.1.1. Tarka-sangraha 
    • 3.1.2.1.2. Vaisesika & Sànkhya: natural sciences; the 5 elements, electricity, atomic energy etc 
    • 3.1.2.1.3. Analogies; to understand how to proceed from physics to metaphysics; Srila Prabhupàda’s analogies
    • 3.1.2.1.4. Caraka-saîhità on logic (Siddhi-sthàna, Chapter 12)
    • 3.1.2.1.5. Artha-Sàstra on logic (Book 15, Chapter 1)
    • 3.1.2.1.6. Laukika-nyàyas: Maxims
  • 3.1.2.2. Sambhàsana-vidhi: exposition skills
    • 3.1.2.2.1. Anubandha-catustaya; invocation
    • 3.1.2.2.2. Defining skills
    • 3.1.2.2.3. Sentence analysis
    • 3.1.2.2.4. Summarizing skills; from Bharata’s Nàtya-sàstra [Ref: ___] with illustrations from CC; Gauna-mukhya-nyàya; Svarupa- and tatastha-laksanas from Bhàgavatam [Madhya 20.356-363]
    • 3.1.2.2.5. Kathà: Story telling
      • 3.1.2.2.5.1. vruttanta; what has happened to a person, place or thing
      • 3.1.2.2.5.2. àkhyànam; a legendary story
      • 3.1.2.2.5.3. upàkhyànam; a short tale or narrative, an episode
      • 3.1.2.2.5.4. upa-pari-katha; a minor or side story, sometimes autobiography
      • 3.1.2.2.5.5. àkhyàyika; special narrative
      • 3.1.2.2.5.6. ithihàsa; what has actually happened in the past
    • 3.1.2.2.6. Rhetoric: public speaking (theory)
      • 3.1.2.2.6.1. Samvàda; discourse
      • 3.1.2.2.6.2. Hetuvàda; debate 
      • 3.1.2.2.6.3. Vichar; group discussions 
        • 3.1.2.2.6.3.1. Make evaluative judgements of fact or opinion
        • 3.1.2.2.6.3.2. Describe connections or similarities between Bhagavatam characters and their own lives
      • 3.1.2.2.6.4. Excerpt from Mahàbhàrata (Sànti-parva, Chapter 320, Texts 78-79) on proper speech
      • 3.1.2.2.6.5. Gità on austerity of speech

3.2. Mantra: Verses for Preaching & Deity Worship

3.3. Sanskrit

3.3.1.1. Writing & Speaking 

3.3.1.2. Siksa: phonetics

3.3.1.3. Canda: prosidy

3.3.1.4. Vyàkàrana: grammar; Bindu & Laghu

3.3.1.5. Nirukta: vocabulary

3.4. Kalpa: Samskàras: The Rites of Passage

3.4.1. Sat-kriyà-sàra-dipika: Gopal Bhatta Goswami’s work on Vaisnava Samskaras

  • 3.4.1.1. Yajña-vidhi: method of fire sacrifice
  • 3.4.1.2. Dasa samskaras: the 10 primary samskaras

3.4.2. Samskàra-dipikà: Sannyàsa

 

3.4.3. Antyesti: the last rites

 

3.5. Jyotisa: Vedic Mathematics, Cosmology, Astronomy & Astrology

3.5.1. Ràsi-vidyà: Vedic Mathematics 

  • 3.5.1.1. Arabic & Roman numerals
  • 3.5.1.2. Anka-kosa: Dictionary of Numbers
  • 3.5.1.3. Parikarma-astaka: Arithmetic; fundamental operations
    • 3.5.1.3.1. Sankalana: Addition
    • 3.5.1.3.2. Vyavakalana: Subtraction
    • 3.5.1.3.3. Gunana: Multiplication
    • 3.5.1.3.4. Harana: Division
    • 3.5.1.3.5. Varga: Square
    • 3.5.1.3.6. Ghana: Cube
    • 3.5.1.3.7. Varga-mâla: Square root
    • 3.5.1.3.8. Ghana-mâla: Cube root
  • 3.5.1.4. Algebra
  • 3.5.1.5. Geometry
  • 3.5.1.6. Trigonometry
  • 3.5.1.7. Mathematical aspects of the Stàpana Veda (see 3.6.2.2.3)

3.5.2. Naksatra-vidyà: Astronomy & Cosmology

  • 3.5.2.1. Cosmology
    • 3.5.2.1.1. Structure of universe
    • 3.5.2.1.2. Nine planets and histories 
    • 3.5.2.1.3. Naksatras and histories
      • 3.5.2.1.3.1.1. Kàla-purusa: calculation of time from the atom up to one breath of Maha Visnu   
    • 3.5.2.1.4. Bhu-ganita: Spherical geography
    • 3.5.2.1.5. Sulba-sutra: measurements (see 3.6.2.2.3.3)
    • 3.5.2.1.6. Mundane astrology: weather & natural disasters 
  • 3.5.2.2. Pañcànga: Astronomy; The process of establishing proper times for devotional and religious observances (muhârta)
    • 3.5.2.2.1. Excerpts fromu-siddhànta, Paràsara-hora-sàra and Kàla-prakàsikà
    • 3.5.2.2.2. References from other literatures concerning proper times

 

3.5.3. Daiva-vidyà: Astrology

  • 3.5.3.1. General principles: from Mantresvara’s Phala-dipikà (planets, their interaction, influence, etc.)
  • 3.5.3.2. The Interpretive Sciences: (theory and concepts) 
    • 3.5.3.2.1. Jàtaka: Birthchart analysis
    • 3.5.3.2.2. Sàmudrika: Physiognomy and palmistry
    • 3.5.3.2.3. Naimittika and Sàkuna: Study of omens
    • 3.5.3.2.4. Prasna: Predictions based on the enquiry

3.6. Puràna: Social Sciences 

3.6.1. History, Geography & Natural Sciences

  • 3.6.1.1. Purànas
    • 3.6.1.1.1. Classical: pañca-laksana – from the Purànas
      • 3.6.1.1.1.1. Sarga: primary creation
      • 3.6.1.1.1.2. Visarga: secondary creation & re-creation
      • 3.6.1.1.1.3. Vamsa: history of the prajapatis & the species of life (Padma Puràêna)
      • 3.6.1.1.1.4. Manvantara: periods of manu
      • 3.6.1.1.1.5. Vamsanucarita: genealogy of kings
    • 3.6.1.1.2. Modern (chronology according to a central timeline) 
      • 3.6.1.1.2.1. History; how cultures respond to physical environments; Bhaktivinode Thakura’s points on cultural and religious differences
        • 3.6.1.1.2.1.1. Civilizations; ancient & contemporary
        • 3.6.1.1.2.1.2. Philosophy & Worldview
        • 3.6.1.1.2.1.3. Values, manners, customs
        • 3.6.1.1.2.1.4. Politics and governance 
        • 3.6.1.1.2.1.5. Important events in human society
        • 3.6.1.1.2.1.6. Famous personalities 
      • 3.6.1.1.2.2. Geography 
        • 3.6.1.1.2.2.1. Map reading
        • 3.6.1.1.2.2.2. Major continents, countries and bodies of water (ancient & modern)
      • 3.6.1.1.2.3. Science
        • 3.6.1.1.2.3.1. Cosmology (see 3.5.2.1 for Vedic cosmology)
        • 3.6.1.1.2.3.2. Physics, Chemistry, Biology
        • 3.6.1.1.2.3.3. Essentials of B.I. publications
  • 3.6.1.2. Ithihàsa
    • 3.6.1.2.1. Màhàbhàrata & Ràmàyana
    • 3.6.1.2.2. The lives of the Vaisnava Acaryas

3.6.2. Social Sciences

 

  • 3.6.2.1. Civics
    • 3.6.2.1.1. Dharma-Sàstras; Law, religion, varnàërama, social & environmental interaction
    • 3.6.2.1.2. Artha-Sàstras; politics & economics
      • 3.6.2.1.2.1. Kautiliya Artha Sastra
      • 3.6.2.1.2.2. Kamandakya Niti sara
    • 3.6.2.1.3. Niti-Sàstras; ethics
      • 3.6.2.1.3.1. Hitopadesa & Pàñcatantra
      • 3.6.2.1.3.2. Cànakya Niti, Brihaspati Niti Sutra, Vidura Niti, Nitiëatakam, Murkàëatakam
  • 3.6.2.2. Upapurànas/ Upavedas:
    • 3.6.2.2.1. Àyur-veda
      • 3.6.2.2.1.1. Psychology: personality types; mental & emotional health
      • 3.6.2.2.1.2. Three modes; Five elements; Kapha, pitta, vàta
      • 3.6.2.2.1.3. Micro- and macro-cosmos: Man and the universe
      • 3.6.2.2.1.4. Sarira-sthàna: Anatomy & Physiognomy
      • 3.6.2.2.1.5. Origins of disease
      • 3.6.2.2.1.6. Home remedies and diet
      • 3.6.2.2.1.7. Dinàcaryà; personal health & hygiene 
      • 3.6.2.2.1.8. Physical education (yoga)
    • 3.6.2.2.2. Gandharva-veda; from Bharata’s Nàtya-sàstra, Râpa Goswami’s Nàtaka-candrikà, Nàradáya-siksà of Nàrada, Ghanasyàma’s Sangita-sangraha, Bhakti-ratnàkara (Chapter 5), Nàrada Puràna’s discussion on theory of music
    • 3.6.2.2.3. Sthàpana-veda
      • 3.6.2.2.3.1. Silpa Sàstra; architecture & sculpturing 
      • 3.6.2.2.3.2. Vastu Sàstra; temple, residential and city planning
        • 3.6.2.2.3.2.1. Influences of the planets 
        • 3.6.2.2.3.2.2. Influences of magnetic and solar energies
      • 3.6.2.2.3.3. Sulba-sutras; measurements
    • 3.6.2.2.4. Dhanur-veda 
      • 3.6.2.2.4.1. Principles
      • 3.6.2.2.4.2. Martial Arts

 

3.6.3. Communication Skills

  • 3.6.3.1. Language Arts: English
    • 3.6.3.1.1. Phonetics, Pronunciation and Spelling: (Material for the phonic system will be taken from ‘The Writing Road to Reading’)
      • 3.6.3.1.1.1. Use phonics and structural analysis to decode unknown words. 
      • 3.6.3.1.1.2. Use semantic and syntactic clues to decode unknown words. 
      • 3.6.3.1.1.3. Spelling is studied with a phonetic program.
    • 3.6.3.1.2. Study Aids For Finding Information: Word dictionary; encyclopedia, thesaurus, keys, tables, graphs, charts, legends, library file cards, indexes, tables of contents, reference materials, maps, and glossary.
    • 3.6.3.1.3. Vocabulary
      • 3.6.3.1.3.1. Based on etymology of words
      • 3.6.3.1.3.2. English words traced back to Sanskrit words
    • 3.6.3.1.4. Grammar:
      • 3.6.3.1.4.1. Punctuation
        • 3.6.3.1.4.1.1. Capital letters for the first word in a sentence and for, names, days, months, holidays, streets, cities, Viìêu-tattva pronouns, period, comma, question mark, apostrophe, exclamation, quotation marks, common contractions.
        • 3.6.3.1.4.1.2. Sentences, paragraphs, run-ons, phrases, clauses.
      • 3.6.3.1.4.2. Using singular and plural forms of nouns correctly, adjectives, adverbs, verb tenses, subject verb agreement, possessive forms of nouns and pronouns.
      • 3.6.3.1.4.3. Figures of Speech; synonyms, antonyms, homophones, homonyms, homographs, metaphors, simile, figurative language, euphemisms, idioms; Add prefixes and suffixes to words. 
    • 3.6.3.1.5. Writing
      • 3.6.3.1.5.1. Write legibly in print and cursive script, using appropriate size, slant, shape and spacing
      • 3.6.3.1.5.2. Writing method: Based on rhetorical skills (anváksiki, see 3.1)
      • 3.6.3.1.5.3. Writing materials: will be taken from other subjects for exercises
        • 3.6.3.1.5.3.1. (1.) Bhàgavata-vidhi: Philosophy
        • 3.6.3.1.5.3.2. (3.1.2.2.5) Kathà: Story telling
        • 3.6.3.1.5.3.3. (3.5.2) Naksatra-vidyà: Astronomy & Cosmology
        • 3.6.3.1.5.3.4. (3.5.3) Daiva-vidyà: Astrology
        • 3.6.3.1.5.3.5. (3.6) Puràna: Social Sciences
      • 3.6.3.1.5.4. Write in different genres including: report, explanatory, persuasion, narrative, recount, imaginative, letters, instructional (Artha ëastra, see 3.6.2.1.2), descriptive, poetry, drama (according to vedic technique; TKG’s Jaganatha Priya Natakam - Gandharva-veda, see 3.6.2.2.2) or (Rupa Goswami’s Natika Chandrika applied on Vidagda Màdhava), bibliography (BBT standard) and outline
      • 3.6.3.1.5.5. Editing; proof reading and revision
  • 3.6.3.2. Public Speaking (see 3.1.2.2)
    • 3.6.3.2.1. Inflection, modulation & voice control
    • 3.6.3.2.2. Nàtakiya-alipijna:dramatic reading

 

  • 3.6.4. The 64 Arts

 

Class Groupings for the Primary & Secondary Curriculum:

1. Mantra (3.2)

2. Anviksiki (3.1), Communication Skills (3.6.3), Philosophy (1 & 2) & The Social Sciences (3.6.1-2) 

2.1. Anviksiki is the method for developing the facilities by which one may analyze, understand and communicate the philosophy and it’s supporting subsidiary literatures.

2.2. Based on the principles of anviksiki, communication skills are used as the medium for expressing the philosophy and supporting literatures.

2.3. Philosophy, expressed with example from the supportive literatures, is the subject.

2.4. The Social Sciences give support by example and illustration, to the philosophy.

3. Sanskrit (3.3)

4. Jyotisa (3.5)

5. Arts (3.6.4) 

 

From: curriculum outline.doc